Diarrhea causes, symptoms and its treatment

diarrhea

Story Highlights

  • What is diarrhea?
  • What causes diarrhea?
  • Diarrhea treatment
  • What to eat with diarrhea

What is diarrhea?

The watery stool which which is released thrice in a day and causes pain in abdominal areas can be termed as diarrhea.  Acute diarrhea is a common problem and usually last for 1 to 2 days. According to as research most of the people in the world suffer twice in a year from diarrhea. The diarrhea is mainly caused due to the frequent bowel movement.

What causes diarrhea?

The diarrhea is mainly cause due to the frequent movement of bowel. The acute diarrhea is cause due to the bacterial, viral OR parasitic infections. Where as chronic diarrhea is related to the functional disorder of the bowel movement. The acute diarehhea last for 1 to 2 days, where as chronic direhea last for three weeks almost.

The causes of diarrhea can be divides into four types according to its harmful effects:-

  1. secretory diarrhea:- It is caused if too much fluid is secreted into intestine.
  2. osmotic diarrhea:- If the small molecules is passed without being digested and absorbed, it causes electrolyte process and come out as watery stool.
  3. Motility-related diarrhea:- In this case intestinal muscles get more reactive and passes the stool without absorbing the water.
  4. Inflammatory diarrhea:- This type of diarrhea contains more than one mechanism which called such as virus/parasite & production of excessive fluid.

The other causes of diarrhea are:-

  • Bacterial infections
  • Viral infections
  • Parasites
  • Functional bowel disorders
  • Intestinal diseases
  • Food intolerance and sensitivities
  • Reaction to medicines

Diarrhea treatment:-

  • Be sure to stay hydrated:- The The body loose the water frequently so it is important it maintain the water in the boday because dehydration become major concern.
  • Eat a Bland Diet:-  eat bland food like Banana, Rice , toast.
  • Try Some Over-the-Counter Medications:- The medication includes loperamide,bismuth subsalicylate etc.

What to eat with diarrhea:-

  • Drinking two to three quarts or liters of liquids daily while recovering from diarrhea.
  • Better choices are broth, tea with honey, sports drinks and pulp-free juices.
  • Avoid milk products, caffeine, alcohol, and apple and pear juices, because they may worsen diarrhea.
  • Soft, bland foods are recommended as well, including bananas, plain rice, toast, crackers, boiled potatoes, smooth peanut butter, cottage cheese, noodles and applesauce.
  • Avoid fatty, high-fiber or heavily seasoned foods for several days.

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